Pitfalls in Ultralightweight RFID Authentication Protocol

Umar Mujahid Khokhar(1*), Muhammad Najam-ul-islam(2)
(1) Bahria University, Islamabad
(2) Bahria University, Islamabad
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

Radio frequency identification (RFID) is one of the most promising identification schemes in the field of pervasive systems. Non-line of sight capability makes RFID systems more protuberant than its contended systems. Since the RFID systems incorporate wireless medium, so there are some allied security threats and apprehensions from malicious adversaries. In order to make the system reliable and secure, numerous researchers have proposed ultralightweight mutual authentication protocols; which involve only simple bitwise logical operations (AND, XOR & OR etc.) to provide security. In this paper, we have analyzed the security vulnerabilities of state of the art ultralightweight RFID authentication protocol: RAPP. We have proposed three attacks (two DoS and one Desynchronization) in RAPP protocol and challenged its security claims.  Moreover, we have also highlighted some common pitfalls in ultralightweight authentication protocol designs. This will help as a sanity check, improve and longevity of ultralightweight authentication protocol designs.

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Institute of Computing, International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS)               ISSN: 2073-607X (Online)