Enhanced Epileptic Seizure diagnosis using EEG Signals with Support vector machine and Bagging Classifiers

Rana Alrawashdeh(1), Mohammad Al-Fawa'reh(2), Wail Mardini(3*)
(1) Faculty of Computer and Information Technology, Jordan university of science and technology
(2) Faculty of Computer and Information Technology, Jordan university of science and technology
(3) Jordan University of Science and Technology
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.54039/ijcnis.v13i3.5114

Abstract

Many approaches have been proposed using Electroencephalogram (EEG) to detect epilepsy seizures in their early stages. Epilepsy seizure is a severe neurological disease. Practitioners continue to rely on manual testing of EEG signals. Artificial intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) can effectively deal with this problem. ML can be used to classify EEG signals employing feature extraction techniques. This work focuses on automated detection for epilepsy seizures using ML techniques. Various algorithms are investigated, such as  Bagging, Decision Tree (DT), Adaboost, Support vector machine (SVM), K-nearest neighbors(KNN), Artificial neural network(ANN), Naïve Bayes, and Random Forest (RF) to distinguish injected signals from normal ones with high accuracy. In this work, 54 Discrete wavelet transforms (DWTs) are used for feature extraction, and the similarity distance is applied to identify the most powerful features. The features are then selected to form the features matrix. The matrix is subsequently used to train ML. The proposed approach is evaluated through different metrics such as F-measure, precision, accuracy, and Recall. The experimental results show that the SVM and Bagging classifiers in some data set combinations, outperforming all other classifiers

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International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS)               ISSN: 2073-607X (Online)