Gaussian functional shapes-based type-II fuzzy membership-based cluster protocol for energy harvesting IoT networks

Vaneet Kaur Bhatia(1*), AKSHAY GIRDHAR(2), SAWTANTAR SINGH KHURMI(3)
(1) I.K.GujralPTU Jalandhar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, India
(2) I.K.GujralPTU Jalandhar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, India
(3) Guru Kashi Campus, Talwandi
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.54039/ijcnis.v13i2.4901

Abstract

With the advancements in Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, energy harvesting IoT devices are becoming significantly important. These tiny IoT devices can harvest bounded energy, thus need an efficient protocol to conserve the energy in more efficient manner. From the review, it is found that the development of an efficient energy efficient protocol for energy harvesting IoT is still an open area of research. It is found that fuzzy based energy harvesting IoTs has shown significant improvement over the existing protocols. However, the fuzzy logic suffers from the data uncertainty issue. Therefore, in this paper, Gaussian functional shapes-based type-II fuzzy membership function is used to elect the cluster heads among the IoT devices to reduce the energy consumption of energy harvest IoTs. Thereafter, inter-cluster data aggregation is used. Finally, the communication between the elected cluster heads and the cloud servers or sink. Extensive experiments are drawn by considering the existing and the proposed protocols for energy harvesting IoTs. Comparative analysis reveals that the proposed type-II fuzzy membership function-based protocol outperforms the existing protocols in terms of bandwidth analysis, throughput, conserve energy, network lifetime, and average consumed energy.

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International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS)               ISSN: 2073-607X (Online) @ Ressi Publisher