Investigating the effect of High Altitude Platform Positioning on Latency and Coverage of 4G Cellular Systems

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Wireless communication technologies are rapidly being adopted and developed by countries all over the world as a strategy for sustaining a digital economy. This has proven very useful for economic recovery from the crises brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic of the year 2020. The latency and coverage area of a wireless network are two major areas that are always seeking improvement. The High Altitude Platform communication technology can provide improvement in speed and coverage area for 4G cellular systems. This work investigated the effect of positioning High Altitude Platforms on the latency and coverage of 4G cellular Systems. A quantitative approach was used in the methodology of this paper. A HAP model showing a single platform flying in a circular trajectory over Base Transceiver Stations BTSs and serving as a relay mobile station was presented. A detailed simulation algorithm for the HAP and results for the simulation were given. Results showed that using the HAP as a relay mobile station in a network can give a latency reduction of up to 58.9%.  Also, the altitude of the HAP directly affects the angle of reception which was found to improve the coverage.

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SULEIMAN, S. M., SHUAIBU, D. S., & BABALE, S. A. (2022). Investigating the effect of High Altitude Platform Positioning on Latency and Coverage of 4G Cellular Systems. International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS), 14(1). (Original work published April 12, 2022)
Research Articles
Author Biographies

DAHIRU SANI SHUAIBU, Bayero University Kano

A professor currently a lecturer with Bayero University Kano, Nigeria in Electrical Engineering Department

SULEIMAN ALIYU BABALE, Bayero University Kano

A lecturer in Electrical Engineering Department with Bayero University Kano. with a Doctorate.


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